The How

To keep and build good soil structure and fertility:

  • Recycled and composted crop wastes and animal manures.

  • The right soil cultivation at the right time.

  • Crop rotation (multiple crop philosophy, known as polyculture).

  • Green manures and legumes.

  • Mulching (cover crops) on the soil surface.

To control pests, diseases and weeds:

  • Careful planning and crop choice.

  • The use of resistant crops.

  • Good cultivation practice.

  • Crop rotation.

  • Encouraging useful predators that eat pests.

  • Increasing genetic diversity.

  • Using natural Pest Controllers and Not Pest Killers.

Organic farming also involves:

  • Careful use of water resources.

  • Good animal husbandry.

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